Rama was born in captivity and had numerous health problems (AFP Photo/Handout)

A critically endangered Sumatran tiger has died at a notorious Indonesian zoo where hundreds of animals have perished in recent years, an official said Wednesday. The male tiger, named Rama, died of heart failure at the zoo in the city of Surabaya, on the main island of Java, spokeswoman Veronika Lanu told AFP. It has been dubbed the “death zoo” as so many animals have died there prematurely because of neglect — including several orangutans, a tiger and a giraffe.

Lanu defended the zoo after Rama’s death, insisting proper procedures had been followed. “The death was due to natural causes, we provided the best care we could,” she said. Rama, who was born in the zoo and lived there all his life, died on April 10. The 16-year-old animal had serious problems with its teeth, had a bad cough and appeared lethargic in the weeks before his death.

Campaigners have criticised the zoo — built a century ago during Dutch colonial rule — for keeping animals in overcrowded cages and enclosures, which are often filthy and in a state of disrepair. Following his death, it now has only three male Sumatran tigers and six females left. The management of Surabaya zoo, Indonesia’s largest, has been taken over by the city administration, but the deaths have not stopped and animal welfare groups continue to call for its closure